Monday, April 6, 2015

Wish You Were Here


In December 1954, Marilyn from Battle Creek, MI opened her mailbox to find a colorful postcard sent from a man she knew who was vacationing at the Atlantic Towers in Miami Beach, Florida.

The front of the card shows a staged scene of 1950s sun bathers lounging around the swimming pool under striped umbrellas. A few wade in the pool, while seven men of varying age stand precariously on a diving board.

This postcard was sent from Miami to Battle Creek in 1954.

The Atlantic Towers opened in the late 1940s and was billed as a hotel and cabana club directly on the ocean on Collins Avenue at 42nd Street. It boasted the latest in mid-twentieth century style and amenities, including air conditioning, a swimming pool, one block of private beach, oceanic private dining, all rooms with an ocean view, bath and shower in every room, elevator service, a cocktail lounge with entertainment, a dining room, sun decks, a solarium and free parking.

The man who mailed the postcard to Marilyn wrote:


Having a fine time. I still remember "The Greatest." Do you? Wish you were here. Maybe you'll drop by. Still in Key West. 

Dick


In case Marilyn is alive and well, I erased her last name and address from the
postcard to protect her and her family's privacy.

Was Marilyn the postcard sender's paramour? What exactly was "The Greatest" and why did Dick want Marilyn to be in Miami with him? We'll never know the answers to these question, but I hope Marilyn was able to "drop by" and enjoy a little fun in the sun in December 1954.

My initial research suggests that the Atlantic Towers was replaced in the mid-1990s by the La Tour Condos located in what is now touted as Millionaire's Row. I'm not sure if it was demolished to make way for a new building or if it was remodeled. If anyone knows more about what happened to the Atlantic Towers, please comment below.

For a bit more about the Atlantic Towers, visit the University of Miami's digital archives to see three promotional publications about the hotel.





Monday, March 23, 2015

A Dandy Visit & Good Music

Last year I came across a leather-bound booklet for Prospect School's Annual Winter Party for the Kappa Mu Delta Sorority. The dance was held on Saturday, January 29, 1927 and seems to have been  a social dance for pledges and their dates. The location of the school is unknown at this time.

The small booklet lists active members, patronesses, chaperones and pledges. It also contains the following handwritten note:

Bill arrived at 8:45. Vi[xx] & Myrtle & their men rode down to Prospect with us. Left after 2nd to get Gladys. I went to Aunt Laura's. Got back for 8th dance, good music. Stayed in Plymouth . . . 5:00 o'clock. Frank stopped at K.M.D house about 7:00. Had a dandy visit with him.

Myrtle was listed as a pledge. I'd like to know more about the music that was played.



 
List of dances/couples.

Title page.



 

Monday, December 23, 2013

It's the 170th Anniversary of the First Mass-Produced Christmas Card



This card is believed to be the very first mass-produced Christmas card. It was designed by English painter John Calcott Horsley for his friend Henry Cole. Courtesy of Southern Methodist University Bridwell Library.
 
English painter John Calcott Horsley (1817-1903) is believed to have designed the very first mass-produced Christmas card in 1843. The three-paneled or triptych card was hand-colored and designed for Calcott’s friend, Henry Cole, founder and director of the Victoria and Albert Museum. As the story goes, Cole couldn’t find the time and was too harried and busy to write the traditional Christmas note or letter and wanted, instead, a quick way to send a Christmas greeting to friends and family. (Sound familiar?)

The middle panel of the card features a family heartily enjoying food, wine and merriment. The panel to the left shows a family in need receiving food, while the panel to the right shows a family in need receiving clothes. The scenes are framed with branches and ivy. The greeting: “A Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year to You” is printed on a pink banner in the middle panel.

As a recent article in the Telegraph points out, the lithograph card ignited a controversy and was criticized for depicting underage drinking in the form of a child sipping a glass of wine. Cole also sold extra cards for a shilling apiece which some thought was much too expensive.

It is thought that about 1,000 cards were produced. One of ten believed to have survived is held in the special collections at Southern Methodist University’s Bridwell Library.
 
MERRY CHRISTMAS & HAPPY HOLIDAYS!
 
***

For more on this card and the tradition of sending Christmas cards, please visit the following links:

http://smu.edu/smunews/christmascard/

Tuesday, August 13, 2013

A Treasure Trove of Vintage Hollywood & Entertainment Publications

Recently, I stumbled across a link that brought me to the Media History Digital Library and I was stunned. There before me on my laptop screen was a vast archive, a searchable archive, of old periodicals from the movie, sound and broadcasting industries -- fan magazines, trade papers and the like -- all in one searchable database.

The Media History Digital Library, in conjunction with the University of Wisconsin-Madison Department of Communication Arts, is a non-profit initiative which relies on donations of both materials to scan and financial contributions.

Currently, items in the online archives date from the early 1900s to the early 1960s. Vintage issues of Variety, Photoplay, The Film Daily, Radio Broadcast and more are available to the public to read and enjoy. According to the the project's web site, there are currently over 800,000 scanned pages.

This is a pardise for historians, film and theatre buffs, and lovers of all things vintage Hollywood. I just might loan my humble collection of 1950s movie magazines for scanning.

Check it out! Search the database using the site's Lantern search engine: http://lantern.mediahist.org/

Photoplay magazines from the heydey of Hollywood
are now available to the public via the
Media History Digital Library.
 


Friday, June 21, 2013

American History TV to Cover Gettysburg Sesquicentennial, June 30-July 4

July 1-3, 2013 marks the 150th anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg. Called the the bloodiest battle on American soil, the fighting at Gettysburg ended with a Union victory over the Confederacy's General Robert E. Lee and his plan to invade the North. Gettysburg was a turning point in the war, as Lee's defeat there effectively ended any hope for Confederate independence. (1)

The battle was also one of Civil War's most gruesome with 51,000 casualties.

To commemorate Gettysburg's sesquicentennial, the National Park Service will be hosting several events and ceremonies June 30 - July 4 at the site of the battle, which is now a National Military Park. For those unable to attend the park in person, C-SPAN3's American History TV (AHTV) will provide live and taped on-site coverage of the events beginning June 30 and culminating on July 4 when, according to a recent C-SPAN3 press release, "AHTV will commit 24 hours of air time on C-SPAN3 to the Gettysburg Battle sesquicentennial events."

The events at Gettysburg will also be covered via the channel's social media outlets on Twitter and Facebook. C-SPAN3 followers and fans are encouraged to use the Twitter hash tag #gettysburg150, which "will allow viewers and attendees to stay up-do-date on activities in Gettysburg and comment on the significance of the battle to the Civil War and American history."

Battlefield of Gettysburg, Dead horses of Bigelow's (9th Massachusetts) battery.
Source: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.print

In addition, the C-SPAN Bus, an interactive classroom, "will make several stops throughout Gettysburg between June 25 and July 1."  For a list of scheduled stops and more information about C-SPAN3's coverage of the 150th anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg, visit http://www.gettysburg.edu/cwi/conference/.

To learn what it was like to fight in the battle, visit the web site of the Wisconsin Historical Society to read diary excerpts from Captain Nathaniel Rollins of the 2nd Wisconsin Infantry who recorded his activities and observations at Gettysburg from June 30 to July 6, 1863. Rollins was taken prisoner during the battle. (2)

Sources:

1: http://www.nps.gov/gett/historyculture/index.htm 
2: http://content.wisconsinhistory.org/cdm/ref/collection/tp/id/47197

Thursday, June 6, 2013

History in Color

Rare color photographs from the 1930s and 40s seem to be popping up all over the Internet lately. Time Life recently released a series of color photos from WWII to highlight today's anniversary of D-Day (June 6, 1944). Color images from this time period are rare. We are accustomed to viewing this era through a black-and-white lens and it seems so very far away.

With the release of these images we see the past in vibrant color. Suddenly it's as though history has greeted us with an enthusiastic "hello!" and we can almost imagine that the photos were snapped yesterday.

These images are truly stunning. It's easy to find yourself staring, mesmerized, at the faces, smiles, clothing, hair (and the red lipstick!) -- everything in these photos is fascinating to see.

Here are some links to view more of the photos. Take some time to click through them. You'll be happy you did.

Related Story: WWII Sailor's Voice Recorded in Song


Time Life  D-Day Images

Time Life Images of WWII-Era London

Library of Congress Images from the 1930s & 40s

WWII Bomber Planes in Color



"All the civilized world loves France and Paris. Americans share this love with a special intimacy born in the kinship of our revolutions, our ideas and our alliances in two great wars." — LIFE on the relationship between the U.S. and its longtime European ally.
Read more: http://life.time.com/history/wwii-before-and-after-d-day-color-photos-from-england-and-france-1944/#ixzz2VRWKfo00

Sunday, March 10, 2013

I Adore National Women's History Month

Women's history is near and dear to me. My graduate thesis focused on both Northern white women and Southern slave women during the American Civil War (perhaps I should publish it). My current writing project involves the diaries of Sarah Van Hoosen Jones who wrote them as a 17-year-old girl traveling abroad with her mother, aunt and grandmother in 1909. (There is so much history in those little books.) I wrote college papers (and a blog post) on Gertrude Ederle and her historic swim across the English Channel and on and on.

As you know, there are many important and untold stories about womens' contributions to the world and its history. To celebrate and educate, this blog post is dedicated to some notable women who lived in my community years ago. It's an article I wrote for Rochester Patch about six women whose legacies stretched beyond the boundaries of the village/city in which they lived.

Happy National Women's History Month!

(Reposted from Rochester Patch with permission.)

Rochester's Most Famous Women Include Dairy Farmer, Minister and One Who Formed Oakland University 

For National Women's History Month, we salute a few of Rochester's most important women.

Those familiar with the history of Rochester – even just a little bit – know the names of some of the area’s most prominent women of the past. Sarah Van Hoosen Jones, Bertha Van Hoosen and Matilda Dodge Wilson are among the women whose stories we’ve read or heard about during a tour of the Rochester Hills Museum at Van Hoosen Farm or Meadow Brook Hall.

They make us proud knowing how instrumental each was in the establishment and growth of our community.

In addition to these prominent local women, there are others from Rochester’s history whose names may not be so recognizable, but whose contributions to Rochester and beyond were equally significant.

In honor of National Women’s History Month, I’d like to tell you a bit about some of our town’s most interesting and important women of the past.

Almost all of these women were integral in the formation of Rochester’s civic, cultural and educational institutions. Others, inspired by their time and work in our town, became important figures in social causes and movements that spread across Michigan and the nation.

Antoinette Brown Blackwell

Believed to be the first ordained female minister in the United States and a champion of women’s rights and other social causes, Antoinette Brown Blackwell spent a brief period of time in Rochester in the 1840s as a teacher at a private high school called the Academy of Rochester.

A native of New York, Blackwell attended Ohio’s Oberlin Collegiate Institute in 1846, where she studied theology and began honing her skills in public speaking – a pursuit generally reserved for men at the time.

According to Friends and Sisters: Letters Between Lucy Stone and Antoinette Brown Blackwell 1846-93, edited by Carol Lasser and Marlene Deahl Merrill, Brown and a few other female friends from Oberlin organized their “own secret debating and mutual improvement society, inspired perhaps by Brown’s experiences at the liberal Rochester Academy in Michigan, where she taught in fall and early winter 1846-47. There she had learned new skills by working with a young women’s debating society and delivering her own extemporaneous talks at school assemblies that were open to the public.”

During her time at Oberlin, Blackwell traveled and spoke out in favor of women’s rights, temperance and an end to slavery. In 1850, she attended the first National Women's Rights convention in Worcester, Mass. Other attendees included Susan B. Anthony, Frederick Douglass, Lucy Stone and Sojourner Truth.

As Lasser and Merrill noted, both Blackwell and her friend, women’s rights activist Lucy Stone, “committed themselves to work for the social progress of women and the emancipation of black Americans from slavery and racial prejudice.”

Antoinette Brown Blackwell was believed to be the first
female minister in the country. Credit: Wikimedia.org.


Fidelia Woolley Gillette

Fidelia Woolley Gillette was a noted writer, lecturer, minister and poet. A staunch supporter of women’s suffrage, Gillette moved from Birmingham to Rochester with her husband in the 1860s and became the women’s rights editor of the Rochester Era newspaper.

In an article written by Maureen Thalmann for the Rochester Clarion in Oct. 1995, it’s noted that Gillette lectured on issues of temperance, supported the Rochester Literary and Library Society and spoke to people throughout Michigan about women’s suffrage as a representative of the Woman Suffrage Society. Her work and dedication to social causes caught the attention of the Detroit Free Press, which, as Thalmann cites, called Gillette “a thinker of uncommon breadth” in April 1875.

In 1874, the Michigan State Woman’s Suffrage Association selected Gillette and nine others to represent Rochester and Avon Township in Lansing at their annual meeting. It was there that the association began planning a campaign in support of a proposed constitutional amendment granting women the right to vote.

“With the overwhelming defeat of the (proposed amendment),” wrote Thalmann, “the Michigan State Woman’s Suffrage Association went out of existence.”

Despite the setback, Gillette continued to work for the rights of women and others experiencing prejudice in society. She was ordained a Universalist minister in 1877 and became a missionary for the church.

In addition to her work with the Rochester Literary and Library Society, Gillette was a founding member of the Rochester Woman’s Club in 1896, a group dedicated to the study of art, literature and science and which went on to establish Rochester’s first public library.

Fidelia Wolley Gillette worked tirelessly for women's rights.
Credit: Archives of the Rochester Hills Museum at Van Hoosen Farm.


Sarah Van Hoosen Jones

Born in 1892 and raised on the Van Hoosen farmstead in Stoney Creek Village in what is now Rochester Hills, Sarah Van Hoosen Jones lived in an era when women were discouraged from attending college.

With the support of parents who believed in education – her mother, Alice, had been a schoolteacher and her father, Joseph, a school superintendent – Jones went on to earn a master’s degree in animal husbandry in 1916 and a doctorate in animal genetics from the University of Wisconsin in 1921.

With degrees in hand and a natural affinity for farming, Jones eventually took over the operation and management of her family’s dairy farm, now the Rochester Hills Museum at Van Hoosen Farm.

According to the museum’s web site, under Jones’ direction, the Van Hoosen farm “supplied the majority of milk consumed in Detroit in the 1930s and 1940s and was the first farm in southeastern Michigan to produce certified milk.”

Jones gained national recognition for her successful farming career, becoming one of two women in the United States to be named Master Farmer in 1932. She was also the first woman in the United States to be named a premiere breeder of Holstein cattle.

In addition to her agricultural pursuits, Jones served the Rochester community in numerous ways. She was a member of the Stoney Creek and Rochester school boards from 1924 to 1961 and was a founding member of the Oakland University Board of Trustees.

Jones deeded the Van Hoosen farmhouse and property to Michigan State University upon her death in 1972. The university then donated the farmhouse and 3.5 acres of farmland to Avon Township (now Rochester Hills) for use as a museum. The rest of the property was sold to a private developer. In 1989, the City of Rochester Hills took ownership of the farm and acquired 10 surrounding acres from private owners to establish the Rochester Hills Museum at Van Hoosen Farm.

Sarah Van Hoosen Jones successfully ran her family's dairy farm at what is
now the Rochester Hills Museum at Van Hoosen Farm.
Credit: Archives of the Rochester Hills Museum at Van Hoosen Farm.


Eva Woodward Parker

Eva Woodward Parker was the daughter of pioneering Rochester farmer and politician Lysander Woodward and is credited with helping to build Rochester’s first public library.

Parker lived in the Woodward family home at 1385 N. Main Street until her death in 1933. In 1949, funds from her estate helped build Rochester’s first public library building, located on the northeast corner of Fifth (now University) and Pine streets in downtown Rochester. It was named Woodward Memorial Library in Parker’s honor.

Despite modifications to the building over the years, the library eventually outgrew it. Now renamed the Rochester Hills Public Library, a new library building was built on Olde Town Road in 1999.

A variety of boutiques and businesses, including Rochester Play, now occupy the former library building.

Eva Woodward Parker died in 1933 and left her estate to the community
to establish a permanent library. This photograph was taken around 1890 at the
Huntington and Clark Studios in Detroit.
Credit: Rochester Hills Public Library via the OCHR web site.


Bertha Van Hoosen

Bertha Van Hoosen was born in 1863 and grew up on her family’s farm (what is now the Rochester Hills Museum at Van Hoosen Farm) in Stoney Creek Village. There she learned the ways of a farm, witnessing the birth of countless farm animals. Overtime, she developed a love of medicine and science.

While her parents supported higher education for women, they were less enthusiastic about Van Hoosen’s desire to pursue a medical career and become a surgeon. Undeterred, she worked to earn money to attend the University of Michigan, from which she graduated with a degree in medicine in 1888.

She went on to specialize in women’s medicine and childbirth.

“At a time when women doctors were rare,” notes the museum’s web site, “Bertha served her community as an obstetrician, gynecologist and surgeon. Her illustrious career spanned more than 50 years.”

During her career, Van Hoosen developed a number of innovative practices and techniques. Among them were the “buttonhole” appendectomy and the use of scopolamine morphine (Twilight Sleep) as an anesthetic during childbirth.

Additionally, Van Hoosen taught medicine, serving as a professor at the Women’s Medical College of Northwestern University and at the University of Illinois. She became head of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Loyola University and founded the American Medical Women’s Association.

Van Hoosen was also an early champion of sterilizing surgical instruments to prevent infection and campaigned for women’s equality in the field of medicine.

A portrait of Bertha Van Hoosen, who developed a love for medicine and
science in her early years and went on to become a well-respected doctor.
Credit: Archives of the Rochester Hills Museum at Van Hoosen Farm.


Matilda Dodge Wilson

Born Matilda Rausch in 1883, Wilson lived a quintessential American story. The daughter of German immigrants, Wilson was born in Canada and moved with her family to Detroit in 1884, where, according to the website for Meadow Brook Hall, her father owned a saloon and her mother operated a boarding house.

In 1908, Wilson married John Dodge, who, along with his brother, Horace, owned a successful automotive parts company in Detroit.

The Dodge’s raised six children – three from John Dodge’s previous marriage and three of their own. They lived in Detroit and spent weekends at their Meadow Brook Farms property and country home in Rochester.

In 1920, John Dodge died, leaving his wife to care for six children and a large estate. Matilda Dodge turned to her philanthropic pursuits and worked in earnest to support many social causes, including women’s rights.

As noted in Wilson’s biography on the Michigan Women’s Hall of Fame website, Wilson generously supported many local organizations with both financial donations and with her time and leadership skills. From 1922 to 1929, she served as president of the Salvation Army Auxiliary. She was also treasurer of the National Council of Women and director and first female chairperson of the board of directors for the Fidelity Bank and Trust in Detroit.

In 1925, Wilson married lumber broker Alfred Wilson. After selling her holdings in the Dodge Motor Car Company, Wilson became heir to “one of the largest fortunes in the United States,” according to the website for Meadow Brook Hall.

She and her husband soon built a new home on the Meadow Brook Farm property – today’s Meadow Brook Hall.

The Wilsons played a pivotal role in the formation of Oakland University. Together they donated their estate, including Meadow Brook Hall and an additional $2 million to Michigan State University to create a branch campus in Rochester. That branch became Oakland University in 1963.